The city of Mississauga is in the Canadian province of Ontario and located in the Regional Municipality of Peel on the shores of Lake Ontario, neighbouring Toronto to the east. With a population of 763,000 as of the 2019, Mississauga is the sixth-most populous borough in Canada, third-most in Ontario, and second-most in the GTA (Greater Toronto Area).
The evolution of Mississauga is credited to its proximity to Toronto. During the second half of the 20th century, the city attracted a multi-ethnic population and built up a thriving central business region. Malton is a neighborhood of the city positioned in its northeast end and is home to Toronto Pearson International Airport, Canada’s busiest airport, and the headquarters of several Canadian and multinational corporations. Mississauga is not a traditional city, but is instead an unification of a series of former villages and hamlets that were substantial population centres, with none being clearly dominant, prior to the city’s incorporation that later amalgamated into a single urban area.
Approximately 52% of the population speaks another language other than English, and 52.4% of the population are a visible minority group (non-aboriginal or non-white). About 18% are under 14 years of age and 8.51% are of retirement age. The average (median) age in Mississauga is 35 years old.
Christianity is the most common faith of the city. A 2011 census showed that 59.9% of the population are believers, with Catholics consisting of 36.9%, while the remaining 23.0% are various Orthodox Christian, Protestant and other Christian groups. Other practicing faiths are Islam with 11.9%, Hinduism with 7.0% Sikhism with 3.4%, Buddhism with 2.2% and Judaism with 0.3%. Those with no religious beliefs made up 14.9% of the population.
Sixty or more of the Fortune 500 companies have their global or Canadian head offices located in Mississauga. Some of the robust industries are banking and finance, pharmaceuticals, computers and electronics, aerospace, transportation parts and equipment industries.
Toronto Dominion (TD) Bank also has Corporate IT expansion centres in the city along with RBS (Royal Bank of Canada). Laura Secord Chocolates headquarters are in the city, and HP’s (Hewlett Packard) core Canada offices are in Mississauga. Regional airline Jazz has regional office in Mississauga and Kam Airlines has its Canadian office in Mississauga. Mississauga is also an aircraft development centre with Canadian headquarters of Aerospace companies like Magellan Aerospace and Honeywell Aerospace. Additionally, Walmart (Canada), Kellogg’s (Canada) and Panasonic (Canada) have their national head offices in the Mississauga.